Russian Revolution

Moscow Russia Tourist Information and Travel Guide

In 1917, a violent upheaval occurred in Russia that overthrew the czarist government.  A revolutionary government based on the communist ideas of Karl Marx was set up.  The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, ceased control of the country.

Although many Bolsheviks supported a soviet democracy, a "reform from above" model was adopted when Lenin died.  Joseph Stalin gained control of the USSR.

Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin

After several year of civil war that brought death and suffering to millions of people, power was firmly concentrated in the hands of the Soviet Communist Party.

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